Even many people with the disease are not aware that diabetes can lead to vision loss. In fact, the risk is so high that diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults under 75. One of the most serious complications of diabetes is retinal damage caused by an increase pressure in the blood vessels of the eye. This is called diabetic retinopathy. This condition causes severe vision impairment and even blindness and is a risk for anyone with the disease.
Diabetic retinopathy can be unnoticed until it is too late. When the pressure in the retinal blood vessels increases they start to leak resulting in retinal damage. This can cause eventual blindness if it is not treated.
If you are diabetic and you notice any sort of vision problems, such as fluctuations in eyesight, floaters, double vision, shadows or spots or any pain in your eye make an appointment with your optometrist. Diabetes also increases the risk of developing glaucoma and cataracts.
All diabetic eye diseases are more damaging when the disease is uncontrolled. Carefully monitoring your sugar levels through diet, exercise and staying healthy and yearly eye exams is the best defense for preventing vision loss.
If you or a loved one has diabetes, be sure you are informed about the risks of diabetic eye disease and speak to your eye doctor if you have any questions. It could mean the difference between a life of sight and one of darkness.